Performance Characteristics Comparison of CNG Port and CNG Direct Injection in Spark Ignition Engine

Rajesh Patel 1 * , Pragnesh Brahmbhatt 2

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, Volume 2, Issue 2, Article No: 26.

https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/82058

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Abstract

A comparative performance analysis is being carried out on a four cylinder, four stroke cycle, spark ignition engine having displacement volume 1297cc. The cylinder head of original gasoline based engine was modified by drilling holes from upper surfaces of head to individual combustion chamber to convert the engine in a CNG direct injection engine. The CNG port injection (CNG-PI) system and CNG direct injection (CNG-DI) system were incorporated with the single engine.  The engine was retrofitted to run on both CNG-PI and CNG-DI system alternately with common CNG tank and other engine loading and measurement system. The engine was equipped with electrical dynamometer having rheostat type loading. The CNG direct injection system was incorporated with various sensors and engine ECU. The operating parameters can be obtained on computer screen by loading the computer with engine through switch box. The engine was run over the speed range of 1000 rpm to 3000 rpm with incremental speed of 300 rpm. The performance parameters were calculated from observations and recorded for both CNG-PI and CNG-DI system. The experimental investigation exhibits that, the average 7-8% reduction in BSFC while the engine was running with CNG-DI system as compared to that of CNG-PI system. Also the engine produced 8-9% higher brake torque and hence higher brake power. The engine gives 6-7% higher brake thermal efficiency with CNG-DI system as compared to CNG-PI system.

Keywords

compressed natural gas (CNG), CNG-PI system, CNG-DI system

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Citation

Patel R, Brahmbhatt P. Performance Characteristics Comparison of CNG Port and CNG Direct Injection in Spark Ignition Engine. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research. 2018;2(2):26. https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/82058

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