The pre-existing, profit-driven theories of international development gave rise to the movement for human-centered development. In this review, an extensive analysis of Ethiopian perspectives on the theory of human development and its implementation there was carried out for the first time. There has not previously been a review of the theories, techniques, and practices related to Ethiopian human development. The goal of this review was to examine Ethiopian human development concepts, theories, techniques, and practices in order to make recommendations on how to enhance both the current situation of human development and its potential applications in Ethiopia. Ethiopia therefore had a lower human development index (HDI) than sub-Saharan African nations and those with low HDI. When compared to other emerging nations, it also has lower averages for predicted school years, mean school years, and birth weight. Also, on average, its gross national product per person is lower. Except for pension programs for government and military employees, there is no comprehensive, publicly funded welfare system. Most people run the risk of going hungry because they do not have access to enough food to survive. The government will therefore be urged to adopt policies that will increase society’s output and productivity, as well as to implement human-centered development projects, a capability-based approach to development, a strategy for improving sustainable livelihoods, and stable environmental management.
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