EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
Research Article

Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022, 6(4), em0195, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
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ABSTRACT

The region called the acronym Matopiba is an area composed of part of the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, Piaui, and Bahia. Agricultural production in the region is marked by large harvests of grains, especially soybeans, corn, and cotton. Considering that electricity is a vital development infrastructure, the present study analyzed the electricity consumption in the Matopiba region located in the state of Piauí was related to the total GDP (GDP), agriculture GDP (AGDP), and human development index (HDI) between the years 2000 to 2020. The results showed that in 2000 there was a strong positive correlation between GDP and AGDP (0.92), a moderate positive correlation between GDP and energy consumption (0.60), as well as AGDP and electricity consumption (0.67). Results indicated a low negative correlation between the HDI and the other variables. In 2020, the results indicated a strong positive correlation between GDP and AGDP (0.83), and a high positive correlation between GDP and energy consumption (0.83), while AGDP showed a low positive correlation with the consumption of electricity (0.46). The HDI, on the other hand, showed a low negative correlation with AGDP and a low positive correlation with GDP. On the other hand, it showed a moderate positive correlation with electricity consumption. It was also verified that there was a substantial rise in the HDI in the municipalities studied between 2000 and 2020, an increase in the region’s GDP and AGDP, and electricity consumption in the period studied. Therefore, we concluded that the increase in the electricity consumed in the region in the last 20 years is a positive indicator of Matopiba’s regional development.

KEYWORDS

infrastructure economic development social development

CITATION (APA)

Macedo, J. L. D., & Nääs, I. D. A. (2022). Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(4), em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
Harvard
Macedo, J. L. D., and Nääs, I. D. A. (2022). Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(4), em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
Vancouver
Macedo JLD, Nääs IDA. Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(4):em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
AMA
Macedo JLD, Nääs IDA. Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(4), em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
Chicago
Macedo, Jorge Luiz de, and Irenilza de Alencar Nääs. "Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2022 6 no. 4 (2022): em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192
MLA
Macedo, Jorge Luiz de et al. "Energy Consumption and Regional Development in the Matopiba Region Between 2000 and 2020". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 6, no. 4, 2022, em0195. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12192

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