EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
Research Article

Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2021, 5(1), em0152, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
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ABSTRACT

Parts of the Nigerian Niger Delta which also accommodates huge number of oil facilities has swamps in some parts with non – turbulent water bodies. These water bodies are negatively impacted from oil pollution but lack the capacities to self-clean like high flowing waters. The calm nature of these swamps result in higher than normal retention, partitioning and diffusion of hydrocarbon components. This study investigated aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations at different depths for a period of ten months by simulating an oil spill site (8m by 5m and 1.5m deep) typical of a non-turbulent mangrove swamp with suspended sediments and vegetation polluted with 60 litres of crude oil. Impacted water samples were collected at depths of 0.25m, 0.5m, 0.75m and 1.0m. They were filtered and the petroleum aliphatic and aromatic contents analyzed using a GC-FID. The results obtained showed that petroleum hydrocarbons can dissolve and diffuse to different depths at concentrations above safe limits, thus posing great danger to aquatic life and its entire value chain.

KEYWORDS

crude oil hydrocarbons mangrove -swamp spill static- water

CITATION (APA)

Odisu, T., Okieimen, C. O., & Ogbeide, S. E. (2021). Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Harvard
Odisu, T., Okieimen, C. O., and Ogbeide, S. E. (2021). Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Vancouver
Odisu T, Okieimen CO, Ogbeide SE. Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(1):em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
AMA
Odisu T, Okieimen CO, Ogbeide SE. Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Chicago
Odisu, T., C. O. Okieimen, and S. E. Ogbeide. "Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2021 5 no. 1 (2021): em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
MLA
Odisu, T. et al. "Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 5, no. 1, 2021, em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708

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