European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water
T. Odisu 1 * , C. O. Okieimen 2, S. E. Ogbeide 2
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1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, NIGERIA
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Benin, Benin-City, NIGERIA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2021 - Volume 5 Issue 1, Article No: em0152
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708

Published Online: 03 Feb 2021

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How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Odisu et al., 2021)
Reference: Odisu, T., Okieimen, C. O., & Ogbeide, S. E. (2021). Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Odisu T, Okieimen CO, Ogbeide SE. Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(1):em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Odisu T, Okieimen CO, Ogbeide SE. Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Chicago
In-text citation: (Odisu et al., 2021)
Reference: Odisu, T., C. O. Okieimen, and S. E. Ogbeide. "Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2021 5 no. 1 (2021): em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
Harvard
In-text citation: (Odisu et al., 2021)
Reference: Odisu, T., Okieimen, C. O., and Ogbeide, S. E. (2021). Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(1), em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
MLA
In-text citation: (Odisu et al., 2021)
Reference: Odisu, T. et al. "Post Oil Spill Petroleum Hydrocarbon Components Transport and Evaluation in Parts of the Niger Delta Mangrove Swamp of Nigeria: A Case of Hydrocarbon Component Transport through Non-Turbulent Water". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 5, no. 1, 2021, em0152. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/9708
ABSTRACT
Parts of the Nigerian Niger Delta which also accommodates huge number of oil facilities has swamps in some parts with non – turbulent water bodies. These water bodies are negatively impacted from oil pollution but lack the capacities to self-clean like high flowing waters. The calm nature of these swamps result in higher than normal retention, partitioning and diffusion of hydrocarbon components. This study investigated aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbon concentrations at different depths for a period of ten months by simulating an oil spill site (8m by 5m and 1.5m deep) typical of a non-turbulent mangrove swamp with suspended sediments and vegetation polluted with 60 litres of crude oil. Impacted water samples were collected at depths of 0.25m, 0.5m, 0.75m and 1.0m. They were filtered and the petroleum aliphatic and aromatic contents analyzed using a GC-FID. The results obtained showed that petroleum hydrocarbons can dissolve and diffuse to different depths at concentrations above safe limits, thus posing great danger to aquatic life and its entire value chain.
KEYWORDS
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