2 results found.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022, 6(1), em0180, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11726
ABSTRACT: The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has enormously affected the world and become a worldwide problem. To control the spread of COVID-19, human behaviors are generally controlled in most countries. However, exposure to air pollution causes increased susceptibility to COVID-19. The goal of this review research was to investigate the outdoor/indoor air quality during the outbreak of COVID-19. A review search was carried out from the databases Scopus, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, and Embase using the key words: “air quality” and “COVID-19 pandemic”. Twenty-four released articles were ultimately identified as eligible candidates for review study. The type of environment, country and city, type of study, goal of study, and study findings were analyzed. The results demonstrated the significant relationship between air pollution (PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, CO, and O3) and the COVID-19 event. Indoor pollutant concentrations were typically higher during COVID-19 lockdown. There is also a relationship between meteorological parameters (rainfall, relative humidity, temperature, wind speed, and sunlight) and COVID-19 spread. The air quality index (AQI) of most countries improved to varying grades of quality under the COVID-19 infection control. It is crucial that policy makers and decision makers adopt more valuable methods to assist betterment of air pollution, particularly in developing nations, or control contact with pollutants so as to preserve public wellbeing.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(4), em0139, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8433
ABSTRACT: COVID-19 has affected 213 countries around the world, killing more than 484,000 and infecting more than 9.5 million by June 25, 2020 (worldometer.info). Bangladesh, a South Asian low-middle-income economy, has experienced a demographic and epidemiological transition with rapid urbanization and a gradual increase in life expectancy. It is the seventh most populous country in the world and population of the country is expected to be nearly double by 2050. The increasing burden of communicable diseases in Bangladesh can be attributable to rapid urbanization and nearly 50% of all slum dwellers of the country live in Dhaka division. In 2017, National Rapid Response Team of IEDCR investigated 26 incidents of disease outbreak. The joint survey of the Power and Participation Research Centre and BRAC Institute of Governance and Development reveals that per capita daily income of urban slum and rural poor drops by 80% due to present countrywide shutdown enforced by the government to halt the spread of COVID-19. 40%-50% of these population took loans to meet the daily expenses. However, the country has just 127,000 hospital beds, 91,000 of them in government-run hospitals. Researchers say, the country’s economy is losing BDT 33 billion every day from its service and agriculture sectors during the nationwide shutdown.