Conversion of orange peel to biodiesel and its investigation as an alternative fuel in compression ignition engines
Samuel Oluwatunde Olorunshola 1 * , Samson Kolawole Fasogbon 1
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1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, NIGERIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Orange peels are considered a waste, and the increase in cultivation and processing of oranges tends to increase waste in society. This work is designed to convert waste to wealth by investigating the potential of biodiesel production from orange peels and its suitability as an alternative fuel in compression ignition (CI) engines. Steam distillation pilot plant was used to extract oil from the orange peels, 1.27% was its maximum oil yield recovery. The oil was transesterified using methanol at a 6:1 molar ratio with 0.70% sodium hydroxide as the catalyst at 55 oC for 60 minutes and 96.00% biodiesel yield recovery was obtained. The biodiesel properties were found with density of 872 kg/m3, viscosity of 1.9 cSt, pH value of 7.6, calorific value of 38.4 MJ/kg, and flash point of 84 oC. The biodiesel was blended with diesel at different volumes, compared with pure diesel, and run on a CI engine. B20 (20.00% biodiesel, 80.00% diesel) has the optimum brake-specific fuel consumption rate and brake thermal efficiency and are respectively 9.08% lower and 11.99% higher than petroleum diesel. B15 (15.00% biodiesel, 85.00% diesel) has the optimum exhaust temperature and is 10.37% lower than diesel. B10 (10.00% biodiesel, 90.00% diesel) has the optimum carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide emissions and are 58.07% and 43.70% lower respectively than petroleum diesel.

License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES, 2023, Volume 7, Issue 3, Article No: em0224

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/13351

Publication date: 01 Jul 2023

Online publication date: 05 Jun 2023

Article Views: 583

Article Downloads: 811

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