European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel
Ejiro Thelma Akhihiero 1 * , Samuel Ogbeide Ebhodaghe 1
More Detail
1 Department of Chemical Engineering University of Benin Edo State, NIGERIA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020 - Volume 4 Issue 3, Article No: em0119
https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804

Published Online: 21 Feb 2020

Views: 557 | Downloads: 328

How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Akhihiero & Ebhodaghe, 2020)
Reference: Akhihiero, E. T., & Ebhodaghe, S. O. (2020). Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 4(3), em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Akhihiero ET, Ebhodaghe SO. Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2020;4(3):em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Akhihiero ET, Ebhodaghe SO. Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2020;4(3), em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
Chicago
In-text citation: (Akhihiero and Ebhodaghe, 2020)
Reference: Akhihiero, Ejiro Thelma, and Samuel Ogbeide Ebhodaghe. "Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2020 4 no. 3 (2020): em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
Harvard
In-text citation: (Akhihiero and Ebhodaghe, 2020)
Reference: Akhihiero, E. T., and Ebhodaghe, S. O. (2020). Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 4(3), em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
MLA
In-text citation: (Akhihiero and Ebhodaghe, 2020)
Reference: Akhihiero, Ejiro Thelma et al. "Effect of Blending Ratio on the Fuel Properties of Almond Biodiesel". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 4, no. 3, 2020, em0119. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7804
ABSTRACT
Since almond seed oil can be used for biodiesel production, this study is aimed at investigating the effect of different blend ratios on the fuel properties of almond biodiesel. The biodiesel was characterized for the properties of flash point, cloud point, pour point, viscosity, saponification value, peroxide value, acid value, iodine value, density and specific gravity using the Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrophotometer (GCMS). When blended with petrol diesel at ratios of 20%, 30% and 50%, results showed that the properties of the biodiesel obtained at a blend of 20% had properties more similar to the ASTM standard. At that proportion of 20%, the properties of acid value, viscosity, cloud point, pour point and iodine value were found to be 0.95meq/kg, 8.80Cp, 60C, 10C and 41.62gI2/100g respectively, except the flash point which was 720C at biodiesel blend of 50%. This is because increase in blending ratios was found to result in corresponding increase of the properties.
KEYWORDS
REFERENCES
  • Akhihiero, E. T., Aluyor, E. O., & Audu, T. O. K. (2013). Effect of variation of temperature on the transesterification of jatropha seed oil using homogeneous catalyst. Journal of Advanced Material Research, 824, 473-476. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR824.473
  • Akhihiero, E. T., Omorewa, Y. G., & Ebhodaghe, S. O. (2019). Effect of blending ratio on the properties of sunflower biodiesel. J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 10(10), 987-994.
  • Al-Tikrity, E. T. B, Fadhil, A. B., & Ibraheem, K. K. (2017). Biodiesel production from bitter almond oil as new non-edible oil feedstock. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 39(7), 649-656. https://doi.org/10.1080/15567036.2016.1243172
  • El-Diwani, G., Attai, N. K., & Hawash, S. I. (2009). Development and evaluation of biodiesel fuel and byproducts from jatropha oil. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 6(2), 219-224.
  • Eromosele, C. O., Eromosele, P. I., & Njerim, P. (1997). Short communication: studies on some seeds and seed oils. Bioresour. Technology, 64, 245-247.
  • Esonye, C., Onukwuli, O. D., & Ofoefule, A. U. (2018). Optimization of methyl ester production from Prunus amygdalus seed oil using response surface methodology and artificial neural networks. Renewable Energy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.06.036
  • Fadhil, A. B., & Mohammed, H. M. (2016). Co-solvent transesterification of bitter almond oil into biodiesel: Optimization of variables and characterization of biodiesel. Transport, 33(3), 686-698. https://doi.org/10.3846/16484142.2018.1457568
  • Igbokwe, J. O., Nwufo, O. C., & Nwaiwu, C. F. (2015). Effects of blends on the properties, performance and emission of palm kernel oil biodiesel. Biofuels. https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2015.1030719
  • Khan, K., Kumar, G., Sharma, A. K., Kumar, P. S., Mandal, C., & Chintala, V. (2016). Performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine using complementary blending of castor and karanja biodiesel. Biofuels, 9(1), 53-60. https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2016.1256552
  • Kumar, M., & Sharma, M. P. (2015). Selection of potential oils for biodiesel production. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 56, 1129-1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.032
  • Oseh, J. O., Mohd Norddin, M. N. A., Ismail, I., Ismail, A. R., Gbadamosi, A. O., Agi, A., & Ogiriki, S. O. (2019). Investigating almond seed oil as potential biodiesel-based drilling mud. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2019.106201
  • Singh, B., & Shukla, S. K. (2016). Experimental analysis of combustion characteristics on a variable compression ratio engine fuelled with biodiesel (castor oil) and diesel blends. Biofuels, 5(5), 471-477. https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2016.1163210
  • Suleman, F., Dincer, I., & Agelim-Chaab, M. (2015). Environmental impact assessment and comparison of some hydrogen production options. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40, 6976-6987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.03.123
  • Varuvel, E. G., Subramanian, T., & Khatri, P. (2018). Effect of diglyme addition on performance and emission characteristics of hybrid minor vegetable oil blends (rubber seed and babassu oil) in a tractor engine – an experimental study. Biofuels. https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2017.1418568
  • Yesiloglu, Y., & Baskurt, L. (2008). Partial purification and characterization of almond seed lipase. Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 38, 397-410. https://doi.org/10.1080/10826060802325592
LICENSE
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.