Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya
Linda Maryanne Obiero 1 * , George Ooko Abong 2 , Michael W. Okoth 2 , Nzioka J. Muthama 1
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1 Department of Earth & Climate Sciences, Faculty of Science & Technology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, KENYA2 Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, KENYA* Corresponding Author


Horticultural processing involves intensive consumption of water and energy. It’s unknown whether the current energy and water use practices by micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are sustainable. This study was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitude, and practices on energy and water use by horticultural processing MSMEs in Kenya. A cross sectional research design was adopted and purposive sampling was used to select 39 horticultural processing MSMEs. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The study found that the MSMEs had excellent knowledge on energy and water use efficiency. The study further found out that 75% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards the environment. Over 80% of the respondents had adopted simple housekeeping practices geared at conserving energy and water. Multiple linear regression indicates age has an effect on knowledge, attitude, and practices (R2=0.272; F=4.238; P=0.012). The other variables had a non-significant effect on knowledge, attitude, and practices. Despite the high level of knowledge possessed by the MSMEs, they still have not adopted long term practices that will lead to sustainability in the long run. In addition, the findings from this study reveal that MSMEs are not sufficiently motivated to move from positive attitude towards energy and water use practices. Subsidies and rewards could help MSMEs adopt practices that will lead to sustainability in this industry in the long run.


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Article Type: Research Article

EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES, 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, Article No: em0187

Publication date: 17 Apr 2022

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