EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022, 6(3), em0187, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
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ABSTRACT

Horticultural processing involves intensive consumption of water and energy. It’s unknown whether the current energy and water use practices by micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are sustainable. This study was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitude, and practices on energy and water use by horticultural processing MSMEs in Kenya. A cross sectional research design was adopted and purposive sampling was used to select 39 horticultural processing MSMEs. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The study found that the MSMEs had excellent knowledge on energy and water use efficiency. The study further found out that 75% of the respondents had a positive attitude towards the environment. Over 80% of the respondents had adopted simple housekeeping practices geared at conserving energy and water. Multiple linear regression indicates age has an effect on knowledge, attitude, and practices (R2=0.272; F=4.238; P=0.012). The other variables had a non-significant effect on knowledge, attitude, and practices. Despite the high level of knowledge possessed by the MSMEs, they still have not adopted long term practices that will lead to sustainability in the long run. In addition, the findings from this study reveal that MSMEs are not sufficiently motivated to move from positive attitude towards energy and water use practices. Subsidies and rewards could help MSMEs adopt practices that will lead to sustainability in this industry in the long run.

KEYWORDS

KAP energy use and water use efficiency horticultural processing MSMEs sustainability

CITATION (APA)

Obiero, L. M., Abong, G. O., Okoth, M. W., & Muthama, N. J. (2022). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(3), em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
Harvard
Obiero, L. M., Abong, G. O., Okoth, M. W., and Muthama, N. J. (2022). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(3), em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
Vancouver
Obiero LM, Abong GO, Okoth MW, Muthama NJ. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(3):em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
AMA
Obiero LM, Abong GO, Okoth MW, Muthama NJ. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(3), em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
Chicago
Obiero, Linda Maryanne, George Ooko Abong, Michael W. Okoth, and Nzioka J. Muthama. "Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2022 6 no. 3 (2022): em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030
MLA
Obiero, Linda Maryanne et al. "Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Horticultural Processing Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises on Energy and Water Use in Kenya". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 6, no. 3, 2022, em0187. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/12030

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