European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO)
Joyce O Kerubo 1 * , John M Onyari 2, Agnes W N Muthumbi 1, Deborah Robertson Andersson 3 4, Edward Ndirui Kimani 5
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1 School of Biological Sciences University of Nairobi, Nairobi, KENYA
2 Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, KENYA
3 School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, SOUTH AFRICA
4 Chrysalis Nature Training, Kei Mouth, SOUTH AFRICA
5 Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), Mombasa, KENYA
* Corresponding Author
Research Article

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022 - Volume 6 Issue 1, Article No: em0177
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433

Published Online: 20 Dec 2021

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How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Kerubo et al., 2022)
Reference: Kerubo, J. O., Onyari, J. M., Muthumbi, A. W. N., Andersson, D. R., & Kimani, E. N. (2022). Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO). European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(1), em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kerubo JO, Onyari JM, Muthumbi AWN, Andersson DR, Kimani EN. Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO). EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(1):em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Kerubo JO, Onyari JM, Muthumbi AWN, Andersson DR, Kimani EN. Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO). EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2022;6(1), em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
Chicago
In-text citation: (Kerubo et al., 2022)
Reference: Kerubo, Joyce O, John M Onyari, Agnes W N Muthumbi, Deborah Robertson Andersson, and Edward Ndirui Kimani. "Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO)". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2022 6 no. 1 (2022): em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
Harvard
In-text citation: (Kerubo et al., 2022)
Reference: Kerubo, J. O., Onyari, J. M., Muthumbi, A. W. N., Andersson, D. R., and Kimani, E. N. (2022). Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO). European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 6(1), em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
MLA
In-text citation: (Kerubo et al., 2022)
Reference: Kerubo, Joyce O et al. "Microplastic Polymers in Surface Waters and Sediments in the Creeks Along the Kenya Coast, Western Indian Ocean (WIO)". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 6, no. 1, 2022, em0177. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11433
ABSTRACT
Whereas the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) has been reported to be polluted with microplastics (MPs). Documented information on the specific polymeric composition of these particles in seawater and sediments along the Kenya coast is insufficient. This study assessed the abundance and types of microplastic polymers in the region. Microplastics were sampled from surface water using 500µm neuston nets and from the sediments using a 3.6 cm-diameter corer. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) were used to identify the MPs polymer types. Four polymer types were identified of which, high-density polyethene was the most abundant at 38.3%, followed by polypropylene (34.6%), low-density polyethene (27.1 %), and medium density polyethene (17.1%). The results demonstrate the extent of exposure to microplastics of the region’s ecosystems and provide the impetus for proper policy briefs regarding the management and disposal of plastic waste, protect and save oceans rich in biodiversity for sustainable development.
KEYWORDS
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