Uptake Hazardous Dye from Wastewater Using Water Hyacinth as Bio-Adsorbent
Shahanaz Parvin 1, Afzal Hossen 1, Wasikur Rahman 1 * , Israfil Hossen 1, Abdul Halim 1, Biplob Kumar Biswas 1, Abu Shamim Khan 2
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1 Jessore University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, 7408 Jessore, BANGLADESH
2 Asia Arsenic Network, Arsenic Center, Jessore, BANGLADESH
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

The existing study demonstrates that water hyacinth (eichhorniacrassipes) is a potential adsorbent for the removal of Congo red dye from synthetic wastewater by batch process. The experiments were conducted to study the influence of various parameters such as initial dye concentration, pH, contact time and adsorbent dosage at different operating conditions. The effect of pH and dye concentration was found to be significant and the maximum removal was detected at pH 5 and concentration 100 ppm; considered to be optimum values. The removal of Congo red was consistent initially proportional to the adsorbent dosage. The adsorption process followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm model; point out that the process supported monolayer adsorption of Congo red on the adsorbent surface. Adsorption kinetics closely followed the pseudo-second-order model and mass transfer analysis indicated better transportation of adsorbate from solution phase to solid phase. These results point out suitability of the locally available low cost adsorbents in the niche area of wastewater treatment and can be implemented in commercial dye enriched industrial effluent.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3917

, 2019 - Volume 3 Issue 1, Article No: em0065

Publication date: 06 Feb 2019

Online publication date: 06 Oct 2018

Article Views: 820

Article Downloads: 1137

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