European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study
Abdolmajid Fadaei 1 *
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1 Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, IRAN
* Corresponding Author
Review Article

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2021 - Volume 5 Issue 2, Article No: em0158

Published Online: 15 Apr 2021

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APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Fadaei, 2021)
Reference: Fadaei, A. (2021). Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(2), em0158.
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Fadaei A. Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(2):em0158.
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Fadaei A. Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(2), em0158.
In-text citation: (Fadaei, 2021)
Reference: Fadaei, Abdolmajid. "Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2021 5 no. 2 (2021): em0158.
In-text citation: (Fadaei, 2021)
Reference: Fadaei, A. (2021). Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(2), em0158.
In-text citation: (Fadaei, 2021)
Reference: Fadaei, Abdolmajid "Ventilation Systems and COVID-19 Spread: Evidence from a Systematic Review Study". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 5, no. 2, 2021, em0158.
The main transmission mechanism of COVID-19 is through close contact, aerosols, droplets, and fomites transmission of the disease in closed spaces. In this study, the importance of ventilation in preventing the expansion of COVID-19 is reviewed. In total, 20 articles are reviewed. The obtained results show that ventilation has a crucial role in preventing COVID-19 expansion in indoor air environments. However, it should be used properly; otherwise, it will cause further expansion of the disease, as suggested for SARS. Appropriate ventilation can effectively prevent the expansion of COVID-19, and it will be more effective if be combined with particle filtration and air disinfection. The benefit of ventilation in highly polluted outdoor air conditions is an important field to be investigated in future studies. Finally, the results show that the six basic COVID-19 control strategies include: hand hygiene, social distancing, screening and case finding, isolation and separating, decontamination and disinfection, and effective ventilation. We hope that the results of the present study help researchers and health decision-makers in designing programs further perceive the importance of factors related to indoor conditions to control COVID-19 expansion.
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