A Comprehensive Review and the Efficiency Analysis of Horizontal and Vertical Axis Wind Turbines
Saad Bin Abul Kashem 1 * , Muhammad E. H. Chowdhury 2, Molla Ehsanul Majid 3, Azad Ashraf 4, Mazhar Hasan-Zia 4, Mohammad Nashbat 4, Aliyaru Kunju 4, Amin Esmaeili 4
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1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha 2713, QATAR2 Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha 2713, QATAR3 Computing faculty, Academic Bridge Program, Qatar Foundation, Doha, QATAR4 Department of Chemical Engineering and Process Technology, College of North Atlantic, QATAR* Corresponding Author


The Wind has the potential as an alternative source of renewable energy. Natural wind from the earth’s atmosphere is captured before converted into mechanical energy and then electrical energy. This paper presents a comparison of the efficiency of the horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT) and vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT). The efficiency is determined using SOLIDWORKS Flow Simulation considering the wind scenario, a constant wind speed of 5 km/h with constant wind direction. It has been found that the drag coeffiecient of HAWT, VAWT–Savonius and VAWT– Darrieus are 0.5175, 0.2605 and 13.5622 respectively. This paper also proposes building a wind farm in Seamatan where the average wind speed is highest in Sarawak, Malaysia ranging from 4 km/h to 9 km/h.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES, 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, Article No: em0163


Publication date: 23 Jun 2021

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