Evaluation of Performance and Emission Characteristics of Diesel Engine Fuelled with Garcinia Gummi Gutta Biodiesel and Diethyl Ether Blends
B. S. Ajith 1, M. C. Math 2, G. C. Manjunath Patel 3 *
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1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahyadri College of Engineering and Management, Mangaluru, Affiliated to Visveswaraya Technological University, Belagavi, INDIA
2 Department of Thermal Power Engineering, VTU PG Studies, Mysuru, Affiliated to Visveswaraya Technological University, Belagavi, INDIA
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, PES Institute of Technology and Management, Shivamogga, Affiliated to Visveswaraya Technological University, Belagavi, INDIA
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

The novel garcinia gummi-gutta seed is used for extraction of biodiesel using transesterification process. The impact of diethyl ether (DEE) in biodiesel on the fuel properties was examined. The performance and emission characteristics of six fuels (B20DEE10, B30DEE10, B40DEE10, B100, B100DEE10 and D100) are tested on diesel engine from no-load to full load conditions. The addition of 10% diethyl ether to 20% biodiesel (B20) closely resemble the fuel properties of diesel fuel (D100) compared to other tested biodiesel blends. The performance parameters (brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) and brake thermal efficiency (BTE)) and emission characteristics (carbon monoxide (CO), nitrous oxide (NOx) and hydrocarbon (HC)) are examined for six fuels at different engine load conditions. BSFC of all biodiesel showed comparatively higher value to that of diesel fuel at all engine loading conditions. BTE of diesel fuel showed higher values compared to other biofuels. Biodiesel blends resulted in reduced carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions compared to diesel fuel. NOx emissions are higher for biodiesel and its blends compared to diesel fuel at all loads. Addition of 10% diethyl ether to biodiesel (B100) fuel resulted in better performance and emission characteristics compared to B100 fuel tested at full load engine conditions.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8353

EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RE, 2020 - Volume 4 Issue 4, Article No: em0134

Publication date: 20 Jun 2020

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Article Downloads: 203

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