Principles of Sustainable Development as Norms of the Current Legislative Framework in Kosovo

Zeqir Veselaj 1 *

EUROPEAN J SUSTAINAB DEV, Volume 3, Issue 4, Article No: em0099.

https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5878

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze inclusion of sustainable development principles in relevant legislation as normative concepts. For the purpose of this research, Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo and 22 laws are analyzed regarding the level of the incorporation of sustainable development principles within their provisions and field of regulation. The legal basis for sustainable development lies in the Constitution of Kosovo under the Chapter on Economic Relations promoting wellbeing for all citizens encouraging a sustainable economic development. The research identified nine laws including more than one of the principles, six laws that treat sustainable development in very general terms, and seven laws that do not include anything regarding the principles, although their scope has significant impacts in sustainable economic, social, and environmental development of the country. The most prominent principle was sustainable use of resources; however, principles pertaining to the use of local resources and social justice were not found in any of current legal provisions. Laws on environmental protection, nature conservation and water include the most sustainable development principles. However, although the current legislation might be considered satisfactory regarding the extent to which it includes sustainable development principles, Kosovo is far from a sustainability path. This is related to the post-war situation of the country, unclear economic development directions, weak law enforcement, and poor cooperation of horizontal and vertical lines of public authorities and government agencies.

Keywords

concepts, law, legislation, principles, sustainable development

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Citation

Veselaj, Z. (2019). Principles of Sustainable Development as Norms of the Current Legislative Framework in Kosovo. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 3(4), em0099. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5878

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