Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels
Delia Chilabade 1, Busiswa Ndaba 2, Sanette Marx 1, Sanjib Kumar Karmee 1 3 *
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1 School of Chemical and Minerals Engineering, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, SOUTH AFRICA2 Agricultural Research Council- Soil, Climate and Water (ARC-SCW), Private Bag X79, Arcadia, Pretoria, 0001, SOUTH AFRICA3 Thermo-Chemical Conversion Technology Division, Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute (SPRERI), Vallabh Vidyanagar, 388 120 Anand, Gujarat, INDIA* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a promising bio-resource distributed across Africa. A variety of biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, bio-oil and biogas can be prepared from feedstock derived from baobab. In this vein, different parts of baobab plant, for instance oil, fruit shells, and seed cakes can be utilized for biofuel synthesis. In this study, novozyme-435 (CAL-B) was used as a biocatalyst for biodiesel production. Oil to biodiesel conversion of 91.8±2.6% was obtained within 6 h reaction time at 50 °C when the molar ratio of oil to methanol was maintained at 1: 3. Biocatalysts are non-toxic and biodegradable, therefore sustainable for the process. The results showed potential use of baobab oil as a feedstock for biodiesel production.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Technical Note

EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES, 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, Article No: em0159

https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875

Publication date: 01 May 2021

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