European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels
Delia Chilabade 1, Busiswa Ndaba 2, Sanette Marx 1, Sanjib Kumar Karmee 1 3 *
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1 School of Chemical and Minerals Engineering, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom 2520, SOUTH AFRICA
2 Agricultural Research Council- Soil, Climate and Water (ARC-SCW), Private Bag X79, Arcadia, Pretoria, 0001, SOUTH AFRICA
3 Thermo-Chemical Conversion Technology Division, Sardar Patel Renewable Energy Research Institute (SPRERI), Vallabh Vidyanagar, 388 120 Anand, Gujarat, INDIA
* Corresponding Author
Technical Note

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2021 - Volume 5 Issue 3, Article No: em0159
https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875

Published Online: 01 May 2021

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APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Chilabade et al., 2021)
Reference: Chilabade, D., Ndaba, B., Marx, S., & Karmee, S. K. (2021). Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(3), em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Chilabade D, Ndaba B, Marx S, Karmee SK. Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(3):em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Chilabade D, Ndaba B, Marx S, Karmee SK. Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RES. 2021;5(3), em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
Chicago
In-text citation: (Chilabade et al., 2021)
Reference: Chilabade, Delia, Busiswa Ndaba, Sanette Marx, and Sanjib Kumar Karmee. "Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2021 5 no. 3 (2021): em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
Harvard
In-text citation: (Chilabade et al., 2021)
Reference: Chilabade, D., Ndaba, B., Marx, S., and Karmee, S. K. (2021). Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 5(3), em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
MLA
In-text citation: (Chilabade et al., 2021)
Reference: Chilabade, Delia et al. "Towards Valorization of Baobab for the Production of Biofuels". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 5, no. 3, 2021, em0159. https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/10875
ABSTRACT
Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a promising bio-resource distributed across Africa. A variety of biofuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol, bio-oil and biogas can be prepared from feedstock derived from baobab. In this vein, different parts of baobab plant, for instance oil, fruit shells, and seed cakes can be utilized for biofuel synthesis. In this study, novozyme-435 (CAL-B) was used as a biocatalyst for biodiesel production. Oil to biodiesel conversion of 91.8±2.6% was obtained within 6 h reaction time at 50 °C when the molar ratio of oil to methanol was maintained at 1: 3. Biocatalysts are non-toxic and biodegradable, therefore sustainable for the process. The results showed potential use of baobab oil as a feedstock for biodiesel production.
KEYWORDS
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