European Journal of Sustainable Development Research

4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel
Hafiz Muhammad Bilal Ameer 1 * , Muhammad Faizan Ameer 2 3
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1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore, PAKISTAN
2 Department of Technology, The University of Lahore, Raiwand Road, Lahore, PAKISTAN
3 Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, PAKISTAN
* Corresponding Author
Technical Note

European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020 - Volume 4 Issue 4, Article No: em0142
https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568

Published Online: 07 Oct 2020

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How to cite this article
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Ameer & Ameer, 2020)
Reference: Ameer, H. M. B., & Ameer, M. F. (2020). 4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 4(4), em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ameer HMB, Ameer MF. 4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RE. 2020;4(4):em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Ameer HMB, Ameer MF. 4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel. EUR J SUSTAIN DEV RE. 2020;4(4), em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
Chicago
In-text citation: (Ameer and Ameer, 2020)
Reference: Ameer, Hafiz Muhammad Bilal, and Muhammad Faizan Ameer. "4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research 2020 4 no. 4 (2020): em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
Harvard
In-text citation: (Ameer and Ameer, 2020)
Reference: Ameer, H. M. B., and Ameer, M. F. (2020). 4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel. European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 4(4), em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
MLA
In-text citation: (Ameer and Ameer, 2020)
Reference: Ameer, Hafiz Muhammad Bilal et al. "4-Stroke CI Engine: An Experimental Comparison of Performance Characteristics for 14% Biodiesel & Pure Diesel". European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, vol. 4, no. 4, 2020, em0142. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/8568
ABSTRACT
Global oil reserves are facing great stress because of massive fuel consumption worldwide and the booming world population. These fossil fuels, when processed, affect the environment by releasing greenhouse gases. The outstanding usage of oil inspired many countries to develop alternative fuels. Biodiesel is the future prospect to fulfil the energy needs. It is compatible, ready to use fuel and can easily be deployed in the existing engines by combining it with conventional fuel (diesel). Biodiesel emits a lower amount of greenhouse gases. In this experiment, we first synthesized biodiesel using methanol, NaOH and vegetable oil through transestrification process. After that, we prepared a sample for 14% biodiesel which was then used to run a 4-stroke compression ignition (CI) engine that was attached to the engine testbed. After that, we re-run the same 4-stroke CI Engine with pure-diesel. From the data obtained and subsequent data-analysis, the 14% biodiesel came out to be less efficient (avg. 3% lower brake power and 8.9% lower brake thermal efficiency) and more expensive (avg. 12.8% higher fuel consumption) as compared to pure-diesel.
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