Keyword: sustainable development
20 results found.
Proposal of a Global Handicraft Index for Sustainable Development: A Visionary Approach for Small Industry and Developing Strategies for Handicraft (Rural Industry)
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022, 6(2), em0185, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11909
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to give a separate index for the development of handicraft products developing sustainable completion and better utilization of the natural and rural industry and better completion in handicraft industries, conserving the heritage of all countries handmade tradition, the skill of artisans, making them entrepreneurship to artisans. Among them, we know that whole world is facing a big problem of plastic glass and other population and climate is also affecting due to environmental pollution in the world so if all want to maintain their life and living patter better and sustainable then they should have to make the product for their utility that is sustainable and utility decorative and that will have to give local job and enhancing the local talent of the artisan and rural, tribal people special women. We know that all are worker but want to be entrepreneur and earn their mount and increase the GDP of their country and in last want to be happy in the world so the objective to the paper is to develop and innovation and suggest first global handicraft index like global innovation index, global happiness index, global hanger index, global environments risk assessment index, and other index that have help the world each country for developing and giving better competition between the other sector, and other sector so in case of handicraft sector that artisans, and worker ground completion’s, better development, capacity building of the artisan women empowerment in handicraft sector and in last socio-economic welfare of artisan and over global development the reviving of handicraft industry in the world that is facing huge problem in comparison of machine-made product in current scenario and to conserve our local talent, our heritage product, our tradition and ancient skill and monument and sustainability to product and eco-friendly living pattern of the people in whole world.
Sharp Teacher Training and the New Constructal Pedagogical Supervision Theory for Sustainable Development
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2022, 6(2), em0183, https://doi.org/10.21601/ejosdr/11895
ABSTRACT: We live in the information age but we can only increase the benefit if we look to permanently promote more efficiently the use of the cyberspace for creative thinking; pedagogical innovation; sustainable development education; the new constructal pedagogical supervision; scientific, technological, and engineering advances share like the constructal law, green chemistry, and green energy; Portuguese Cultural Heritage; economic growth; and biotechnology through the quality pedagogical resources and Web 2.0 already putted in place in there and all those that are to come available. So more “state-of-the-art” teachers training for continuous update are needed, and we know too that adequate training can lead to better judgments and better performance. In Portugal, the pedagogical supervision theories thrive with lots of different institutions like universities and polytechnics offering MSc. and PhD programs in these subjects, to these theories is add now the constructal pedagogical supervision theory for sustainable development. New training courses are needed for teachers so can have a bigger variety for their choices, while achieving the United Nations goals for sustainable development.
The Psychology of Sustainability and Psychological Capital: New Lenses to Examine Well-Being in the Translation Profession
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(4), em0127, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7901
ABSTRACT: The psychology of sustainability and sustainable development is a new research area which involves optimizing and regenerating personal resources in order to establish meaningful lives and work experiences (Di Fabio, 2017). The concept of psychological capital (PsyCap) has been linked to the psychology of sustainability due to its potential role in promoting well-being in organizations and improving people’s health and performance. However, this area of sustainability science is currently absent from the translation studies literature despite its relevance for professional translators’ work in today’s challenging and competitive environment. In line with the argument that sustainability principles apply to a variety of disciplines, the purpose of this article is to introduce the value of the psychology of sustainability for organizational and individual well-being via key concepts of relevance to the translation profession. Within this trans-disciplinary reflection space (Di Fabio and Rosen, 2018), I will also consider the research evidence for adopting a primary prevention perspective for the benefit of professional translators. Examining translator behaviour through the lens of the psychology of sustainability is a new and exciting venture that has the potential to reframe professional perspectives and translators’ career paths.
Global Finance, Competitiveness, and Sustainable Development Goals in Emerging and Least Developing Economies (ELDCs): A Review of Literature
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(3), em0125, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7899
ABSTRACT: This paper aims to provide a healthy review of literature on the global imperativeness of the term global finance and competitiveness to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We employed a content analysis method to significantly explore the impact of global finance on financing for sustainable development (FSD) through competitiveness. What are the lessons for ELDCs? From the reviewed literature, we observe that global financing causes a dual impact on competitiveness through the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) effects. The study found that global FSD on the informal sector, social and environmental factors, as well as human development, is unarguably silent. Also, there is the multiplicity of function in the global financing mix. From the literature reviewed, we observed a positive link between SDGs, global finance, and competitiveness. SDGs differ across countries because the financing approach on competitiveness differs across countries. Thus, to achieve SDGs in ELDCs, global responses should be developed around improving internal and external competitiveness. These two types of competitiveness would be encompassing. Global financing should be directed to exploring economic, social, and environmental quality in internal and external competitiveness in ELDCs. This classification would deepen the World Economic Forum (WEF) GCI 4.0 based on innovative, efficiency and factors element. Thus inclusive growth and sustainable development could be strengthened through the application of internal and external competitiveness policies that would holistically upgrade the industrial and manufacturing competitiveness frontiers and gains from the global market share frontiers to accelerate SDGs in ELDCs.
Assessment of Ecosystem Services and Capabilities of Communities from different Scales and Niches - Implications on Sustainability Goals
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(3), em0122, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/7843
ABSTRACT: Ecosystems are complex compendia of biotic and abiotic components and characterized by exchanges of energy and mass. Via the actions and functions of the resident components which assemble into communities, ecosystems provide both direct/indirect tangible and intangible services to human society as well as the natural world. This holds true for ecosystems which cut across various scales and niches. Various frameworks have been devised to categorize and evaluate the services provided by ecosystems and/or their components. In this study, the services elicited by three specific communities occupying different ecosystem niches and having distinct scalar resolution are assessed. Firstly, the microbial communities which reside in the mammalian gut ecosystem, the microbial communities in the soil and the indigenous/local communities who inhabit the ecosystems comprising their traditional landscapes. Further, the roles and functions of these diverse communities, separated by scale and mostly and largely contributing to the homeostasis and functionality of their corresponding ecosystems, are evaluated. The services rendered by these communities are then mapped to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Finally, the importance of these communities in maximizing social, economic and ecological capital is pointed out.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(2), em0112, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/6429
ABSTRACT: Given the support of the global community of sustainable development, it is perhaps logical to infer that universities will be strong participants in the push to improve the sustainability of society in general, and among the leaders in efforts to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for 2015-2030. To ascertain if this inference is valid, it can be instructive to examine and assess universities for their contributions to the SDGs. This has in fact already begun, with the launch of a new global university ranking of universities, aimed at measuring their contributions to the SDGs. Here we examine how universities contribute to sustainable development, and whether such rankings can motivate and drive initiatives that support sustainable development.
Fossil Fuel Substitution with Renewables for Electricity Generation – Effects on Sustainability Goals
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2020, 4(1), em0111, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/6344
ABSTRACT: The substitution of fossil fuel power plants with renewable units will lead to a profound reduction of CO2 emissions and will assist in evading the Global Climate Change. Using demand data from the electricity grid of Texas, this paper develops a scenario for the substitution of coal, at first, and of all fossil fuel power plants, secondly, in the entire State of Texas. Meeting the electricity demand of the grid with renewables, makes it necessary to develop significant energy storage capacity in addition to the renewable – wind and solar – installations. Because of the lower pant capacity factors of wind and solar units, the calculations show that significantly higher renewable power capacity must be built than the current capacity of the fossil fuel units to be substituted. Also, that a substantial fraction of the generated energy is lost in the storage-recovery processes. All these factors are expected to increase the price of electricity paid by the consumers. Ahis will have an impact on the less affluent segments of the population and – if ignored by national energy policies – will affect the goal to reduce inequality within and among countries.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(4), em0099, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5878
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this research is to analyze inclusion of sustainable development principles in relevant legislation as normative concepts. For the purpose of this research, Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo and 22 laws are analyzed regarding the level of the incorporation of sustainable development principles within their provisions and field of regulation. The legal basis for sustainable development lies in the Constitution of Kosovo under the Chapter on Economic Relations promoting wellbeing for all citizens encouraging a sustainable economic development. The research identified nine laws including more than one of the principles, six laws that treat sustainable development in very general terms, and seven laws that do not include anything regarding the principles, although their scope has significant impacts in sustainable economic, social, and environmental development of the country. The most prominent principle was sustainable use of resources; however, principles pertaining to the use of local resources and social justice were not found in any of current legal provisions. Laws on environmental protection, nature conservation and water include the most sustainable development principles. However, although the current legislation might be considered satisfactory regarding the extent to which it includes sustainable development principles, Kosovo is far from a sustainability path. This is related to the post-war situation of the country, unclear economic development directions, weak law enforcement, and poor cooperation of horizontal and vertical lines of public authorities and government agencies.
Sustainability Subjects in University Education - Development of a Comprehensive Indicator System and Quantitative Analysis of Degree Programs at German Universities
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(4), em0092, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5771
ABSTRACT: A new comprehensive evaluation system presented here allows to compare and to quantify education for a sustainable development (ESD) in degree programs. The evaluation is based on a criteria system working with three hierarchic levels. The highest level considers a list of 35 indicator terms. Primarily, the two most popular undergraduate (bachelor’s) degree programs in Germany (mechanical engineering, ME, and business administration, BA) have been reviewed for ESD contents based on the new evaluation scheme. Additionally we reviewed and quantified ESD subjects and their temporal changes in the entire bandwidth of degree programs of a university (Umwelt-Campus Birkenfeld, University of Applied Sciences Trier), back to 1999. Moreover, a spot check on international ME and BA bachelor’s degree programs was performed. Through our reviews, we found a high number of elective classes dedicated to ESD particularly in BA bachelor programs. However, the percentage of compulsory classes related to ESD is relatively low with 5-6 % in both ME and BA programs, respectively. The spot check on degree programs outside Germany revealed similar results. Analysing the time trend at Umwelt-Campus Birkenfeld, a considerable share of ESD that was part of the original diploma degrees was moved to what are now master’s degrees.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(2), em0085, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5730
ABSTRACT: The UN Sustainable Development Goals provide a framework for developing plans and policies for sustainable development, and have spurred an increase in research and activity in this field. There is no single approach to sustainable development, as approaches will vary from country to country, reflecting national and local needs and contexts. But care is needed in moving forward with the Sustainable Development Goals, if their benefits are to be realized. This issue of the European Journal of Sustainable Development Research marks its second anniversary, and demonstrates that the journal has already made a notable impact on the field of sustainable development through having published research on many recent advances.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(2), em0081, https://doi.org/10.29333/ejosdr/5726
ABSTRACT: The need for revision, the difficulty of visualization, and the impossibility of using 2D drawings as the input of manufacturing machines make us attempt to acquire a 3D model from 2D engineering drawings. However, the main problem in this process is that we encounter many potential uncertainties. In this paper, to overcome this problem, we used the fuzzy logic as a mathematical tool based on knowledge of an expert. One of the most outstanding advantages of using the fuzzy logic is that uncertainty in related equivalent elements in different orthographic views is reduced. Another important feature of this method is that only two orthographic views are used to reconstruct the 3D model, while in previous methods, three orthographic views were used. Reducing the limitations of reconstruction of 3D models will result lower cost because of simulation of production processes on a 3D model and direct connection to CAD/CAM Systems, conservation of natural resources and more security for documents by maintaining drawings in computer memory, improved education quality and increased health level as a result of better visualization using 3D Object which will ultimately lead to sustainable development.
An Overview of Renewable Energy Sources and Their Energy Potential for Sustainable Development in Myanmar
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(1), em0071, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3951
ABSTRACT: Myanmar has an abundance of renewable energy resources. It has around 50% of forest cover and the gifted geographic locations with four main large rivers flowing across the country. Besides, its economy is mainly based on agriculture. Among the major renewable energy sources in Myanmar, hydropower plays a key role in electrification of Myanmar while biomass provides the major energy supply for cooking and heating in rural areas. Besides, in the years to come, the utilization of solar energy and wind energy will also be emerging to fulfill the additional energy requirements of the country. Therefore, this study highlighted the renewable energy sources and their future energy potential for increasing the energy self-sufficiency in Myanmar. It was observed that Myanmar had the total installed capacity of approximately 3300 Megawatts from the renewable energy sources in 2016, remaining a large amount of future installed capacity potential. If the sustainability and constraints about renewable energy sources would be managed efficiently, Myanmar could meet the future energy requirements for sustainable development of the country.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2019, 3(1), em0068, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3934
ABSTRACT: Sustainable or green Chemistry has been identified as a crucial ingredient for sustainable development due to the vast array of chemical materials and processes that are utilized in the production of goods and services. This study reviews the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development in the context of sustainable chemistry and outlines its principles and benefits while presenting eco-innovation as an important approach to sustainability. The status of African countries in the eco-innovation movement is not encouraging and the continent is largely left out in this endeavour due factors like poor implementation and or domestication of existing eco-innovation policies; lack of eco-innovation policies and indigenous eco-innovations mentality. Areas for the application of sustainable chemistry principles and driving eco-innovations in Africa are highlighted and inherent challenges are analyzed.
Opening the Black Box of Psychological Processes in the Science of Sustainable Development: A New Frontier
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2018, 2(4), 47, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3933
ABSTRACT: The psychology of sustainability and sustainable development represents a new research area in the field of Sustainability Science. It introduces a psychological perspective and enhances the trans-disciplinary framework that forms the foundation of Sustainability Science. Firmly establishing the psychology of sustainability and sustainable development as a research area means recognizing and integrating the value of psychology and the psychological approach in the construction of processes linked to sustainable development. Enriching sustainable development through opening the black box of psychological processes in support of sustainable development is a new and exciting frontier, that will likely lead to major developments and concrete advances for making development more sustainable in the 21st century and beyond.
Towards a Sustainable Electricity Supply in Nigeria: The Role of Decentralized Renewable Energy System
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2018, 2(4), 40, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/3908
ABSTRACT: In Nigeria, access to reliable and stable supply of electricity is a major challenge for both the urban and rural dwellers. In this study, comprehensive review of accessibility to clean and modern energy in Nigeria has been carried out. Also, this paper examines the potential of renewable energy (RE) resources in Nigeria that can be harnessed for continuous energy supply and the government’s efforts to ensure RE‘s sustainability. Nigeria is endowed with abundant energy resources but the existing electric energy infrastructures are unable to meet the energy demands of teeming population. There is imbalance in energy supply and demand in the country. Over the period from 2000 to 2014, there was an average of about 2.35 billion kWh of energy gap between energy production and energy consumption. The highest electricity consumption per capita recorded so far was 156 kWh in 2012. This makes Nigeria one of the country with the lowest electricity consumption on per capita basis in the world. In order to improve access to clean energy supply and achieve sustainable development, this paper pin points the significance of decentralized renewable energy systems and needs for the government to review the policies on renewable energy development in the country.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2018, 2(1), 11, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/75554
ABSTRACT: Chemical Engineering is a very rich discipline and it is best classified using System Theory (ST) and utilized using the Integrated System Approach (ISA). Environmental Engineering (EE) is a subsystem of Chemical Engineering and also a subsystem of Sustainable Development (SD). In this paper both EE and SD are discussed from a Chemical Engineering point of view utilizing ST and ISA.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2018, 2(1), 04, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/76137
ABSTRACT: Academic urban debates shrouded with paradox render the transition to sustainable urban development (SUD) vague and unclear. The premise of this study is that the elimination of the controversial points included in each issue, in addition to reconciliation among these issues, may propel SUD. Therefore, this study dialectically discusses five urban issues: urban form, urban growth, transportation, urban vegetation, and governance (social participation). These issues were chosen among ten issues reviewed in a previous study in order to highlight controversial aspects and how to overcome them. The study suggests that the sociocultural dimension is an overlooked aspect in urban issues, and this may be a major reason for the conflict among academics. Further, this study concludes that governance is a major coordinator that can remedy the controversial points related to urban problems. Transportation is the second mediation among urban form, growth, and vegetation. Therefore, greater concern with governance and transportation in any urban planning policy improves current and future sustainable developments.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2018, 2(1), 01, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr/82777
ABSTRACT: This issue of the European Journal of Sustainable Development Research marks its first anniversary, and demonstrates that the journal has already made a notable impact on the field of sustainable development through having published research on many recent advances. The topics likely to be addressed in the future, and thus covered in the European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, are likely to revolve around the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2017, 1(2), 6, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr.201706
ABSTRACT: With the approval of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comes several questions. How can we implement the UN Sustainable Development Goals at the national level? Must every country adopt and expend effort at achieving all of the goals? Or is it more suitable for countries to tailor the UN Sustainable Development Goals to the situations and priorities in their countries? The spirit of the agreement is reflected in the latter approach which, I feel, is the only practical way forward, if meaningful progress is to be made. To demonstrate this, an illustrative example is presented, describing the federal approach taken to achieving a sustainable future in one country, Canada.
European Journal of Sustainable Development Research, 2017, 1(1), 2, https://doi.org/10.20897/ejosdr.201702
ABSTRACT: A high-level overview of the discipline of sustainable development is presented, aimed at providing the context and setting for research on and applications of sustainable development, in this lead article to a new journal. The status of sustainable development and its progress are described, as are challenges and needs that may impact its development. Definitions of sustainable development and its interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary dimensions are discussed and contrasted with single-discipline approaches. Examples of interpretations and needs for sustainable development are provided from such fields as energy, resource management, and engineering. Attitudes towards sustainable development are investigated, as is progress. Finally, an illustrative case study is described of a large sustainable development initiative, comprised of several integrated measures and activities.